Saxophone diagram

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Saxophone diagram

Not just anyone can play sax. First, you'll have to actually buy one. Having done so, you'll need to correctly determine which end to blow into. Then you'll need to fit your dog with NRR 28 or better hearing protection devices.

You might also find you need to shop for a replacement family after a few weeks. Right, so the people who compile dictionaries aren't brass players for the most part. One can't help but suspect that whoever wrote the foregoing entry was thinking of a tunable ear trumpet.

The saxophone is a remarkable instrument unless you share accommodations with someone who's attempting to learn how to play one, in which case it's a bit of a nuisance.

saxophone diagram

Loud, expressive, loud, versatile, loud, evocative, loud, difficult to ignore and loud, it's the horn of the gods if the gods know what's good for them. It's widely believed that the lowest register saxophones are capable of killing chickens if played in close proximity to them, a somewhat apocryphal assertion I've never had the opportunity to verify.

The saxophone is unique in that it's the only popular acoustic instrument known to have been invented by a specific individual — no prizes if you've guessed his name to have been Sax. The variety of available saxophones and reeds make it suitable for numerous musical forms, including jazz, rock, middle of the road elevator music and various ostensibly classical forms.

I play jazz and early music — renaissance and medieval works — on sax. If "rap music" were not an inherent contradiction in terms, it could probably be played on sax as well. Country and western is also not played on saxophone as a rule, as one cannot operate the mouthpiece and spit chewing tobacco simultaneously. Unlike guitars, which pretty much everyone has attempted to play in some early epoch of their youth, saxophones are not widely found in western households unless someone has deliberately installed one therein.

Sort of expensive, potentially embarrassing and not for the faint of heart, the saxophone is an acquired taste. It's best to acquire one with some foreknowledge of the depth of the pit into which you're descending.

This article is an introduction to playing the saxophone. It will prepare you to buy one that's suitable for playing, rather than simply fashioning into an attractive table lamp. It will also get you up to speed with the various saxophone accessories — mouthpieces, neck straps, ligatures, reeds, reeds that taste like bubble gum and so on — which make playing a saxophone so much more complex than playing an iPod.

At the very least, you'll be able to look a music store salesperson in the eye without blinking, or experiencing the uncomfortable suspicion that you're having your leg pulled.

I should point out that this article is an introduction to playing the saxophone for grownups. Kids playing horns is an entirely different subject, and one which I'm singularly unqualified to address.

Finally, to keep the lawyers happy, please note that all the information in this article is provided to you entirely at your risk. In reading it, you specifically absolve its author, Alchemy Mindworks, its shareholders and its suppliers of any responsibility for loss, damage or expense caused by your use of it, however it occurs, including but not exclusive to attorneys' fees.

saxophone diagram

I have no idea how a discussion of playing saxophone can cause anyone loss, damage or expense — in the event that you discover a way for this to happen, you're on your own.

Should you be unable to agree to these terms, click on BACK now. The saxophone was invented by Adolphe Sax. Adolphe Sax was born in in Dinant, Belgium. He frequently appears on lists of famous Belgians, so much so that Belgium recently released a postage stamp bearing his likeness.Register now and get the first 8 most important beginners lessons for saxophone :. Register Now! So these fingering lessons apply to you regardless of which type of sax you are playing.

Where it gets confusing to some people is the transposition of your particular sax compared to concert pitch.

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This is the way your note from your transposing instrument Bb and Eb saxophone matches up with a non-transposing instrument like a guitar or piano concert pitch. The Saxophone Range Below is the saxophone fingering chart. Whether you play an alto saxophone, tenor saxophone or any others, the range is the same for all saxophone, therefor, the saxophone fingering chart shown below applies to every type of saxophone.

The lowest note is B flat and goes up 2 and one half octaves to the top F. Everything above that top F is called the altissimo range which can be learned after you have really good control over the normal range.

Other instruments that have similar fingering systems are the clarinet and especially the flute. Those who come to the saxophone from those instruments will find the sax fingering system very easy to learn.

The fingering is the same for the whole saxophone family, the two most popular ones being the alto and the tenor:. The very top key marked OK stands for Octave Key. All saxophones have a thumb rest right below it and it is pressed using your thumb as required.

The next key marked X is for an alternate fingering which you will learn in another lesson. Next is the key marked 1. This is your index finger. Next is the key marked 2. This is for your middle finger. Next is the key marked 3. This is for your 3rd finger. Below that is the cluster, which consists of 4 notes, all of which are pressed using your pinky finger. The D side key is pressed with the palm of your hand right below your index finger.

Saxophone Fingering Chart

The Eb key is pressed with your index finger. The F key is pressed with your 3rd finger. The key marked 4 is for your index finger. The key marked 5 is for your middle finger.

Saxophone Transposition Explained [Chart Included]

The key marked 6 is for your 3rd finger. Below that are the 2 half moon-shaped keys which are pressed using your pinky finger.

The 3 side keys, E, C, and Eb are all pressed with your index finger. The side F key is pressed with your 3rd finger. Includes 3 videos and a fingering chart. This is lovely.

Tonic solfa notations and musical score.The saxophone is a woodwind, not a brass, instrument. This fact can be hard to believe, because the saxophone is, after all, made mostly of brass.

The saxophone is considered a woodwind instrument because the part that creates the actual sound, called the reedis made out of wood, or more specifically, cane similar to bamboo. This section familiarizes you with the important components of the saxophone, by describing how they fit together and how the whole system works. Reed: The sound generator, which has the same function as human vocal chords. Mouthpiece: When you blow into the mouthpiece, the reed vibrates.

Without the aid of the other parts of the saxophone, it produces a high, shrill sound. Neck: The mouthpiece is attached to the neck, which is the joint between the mouthpiece and the body.

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The sound generated by the vibrating reed enters the body through the neck. Body: This is the most important resonance chamber of the saxophone. The sound vibrates within the body and is amplified. By holding down the keys, which are located on the body, you change the length of the air column to create a different pitch or note. The longer the air column, the lower the corresponding note; the shorter the column, the higher the note. The neck strap lets the player carry the saxophone and supports the instrument so the fingers can move freely over the keys.

Thumb rest: The left thumb sits on the thumb rest located below the octave key to balance the saxophone. Saxophone Parts and Their Functions.Below that is a link to get a downloadable fingering chart for saxophone free.

You can also get a one page saxophone fingering chart you can print out here. You need to scroll down the page to see the notes, but you might want to click this link to get a password first. Not needing to think about technique allows the you to connect to music and share what is inside of you. Most saxophone fingering charts are on one sheet of paper. Having the diagrams separately but larger allows you to see everything clearly and for more notes to be included right next to the keys themselves.

Most of the chart you can get to from this page, you can sign up on the side with your email to get a password for the fingering chart on this page. Head over to Saxophone Tribe to learn more about playing the saxophone — with more lessons, connections, and places to ask questions.

Want to play saxophone, but feeling lost and not sure how to get started? Master rhythms. Learn about phrasing, tone, and more. Here you will get feedback which is crucial to developing good habits. Otherwise, as a subscriber, by entering your name and email, you will get a password to access it online. First time on Sax Station? Then start here and learn more about my saxophone lessons.

Playing a few years? About Testimonials Stuck with something? As well as an option to see large diagrams on this website.

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If you are just starting to play, here is a video where you can also see my fingers for the mid range of the saxophone.

Why the format of this fingering chart? Saxophone technique alone does not make a great musician…. But it does enable a sax player to be great. The keys on your right will be on the right side of the diagram. This seemed more intuitive to me.

Dark keys mean they are pressed down. Saxophone Foundations Want to play saxophone, but feeling lost and not sure how to get started?This guide shows you how to transpose music for the saxophone.

The saxophone is a transposing instrument. This means that that notes played on the saxophone will sound different from notes of the same name played on a piano, guitar or any other concert pitched instrument. By way of summary, tenor and soprano saxophones are B-flat in the Key of B-flat, whereas alto and baritone saxophones are in the key of E-flat. This means that when you play the note C on tenor or soprano sax the note that is heard is actually B-flat. The same goes for alto and bari sax.

In this guide, we will look at the saxophone transposition chart, concert pitch and then transpose both B-flat instruments and E-flat instruments from concert key. Let's kick things off with a saxophone transposition chart.

The piano, the guitar, the trombone, and the flute are in the key of C. There are quite a few instruments that are in the key of C. That basically means you don't transpose them. If you say a note is in Concert pitch, that's the note that they play. Any instrument that has a piano-like keyboard such as an organ, electric and acoustic pianos, synthesizers is almost certainly in concert pitch.

Any instrument that has strings such as banjos, guitars, sitars, ukelele, any of the stringed instruments is almost certainly in concert pitch.

A number of the wind instruments such as the piccolo and concert flute and bass flute and the chromatic harmonica are in concert pitch. So there is a wide range of instruments that fall into the category of concert pitch instruments. Whether an instrument is a concert pitch instrument or not is very important from a transposition standpoint.

Granted, some of those instruments, like the guitar actually sound one octave lower than written. But for the purpose of transposition, classifying a guitar as a concert pitch instrument is correct enough. Other instruments, mostly because of the size they are made in, are not in the key of C.


We came across chromatic tuners when looking at how to tune a saxophone. Check that guide out if you haven't if you want to learn why your saxophone needs tuning and how to tune it.

Concert pitch is typically at Hz. That is the note that the orchestras tune to, and what is commonly seen now as standard tuning. If on the other hand, you take a Concert Flute, the very name of that flute—Concert Flute—sets that flute as being the same pitch as the piano. The note that we played earlier on the alto saxophone is low C on the Concert Flute. There are 88 keys on the piano starting from the left-hand side—the fourth C we run into at the midpoint of the piano, right where you sit.

They call that note middle C.There are quite a few mouthpiece comparison charts out there, but most are not very user-friendly so I created this one based on some of the most popular tenor mouthpieces used by saxophone players today. One important thing to be aware of is that the response you get from any two saxophone mouthpieces with the same tip opening can vary enormously.

This is because tip opening alone is only one part of the story. If the facing length is longer on a different mouthpiece of the same tip opening, there is a good chance that you might find it more easy blowing. If this is the case you might want to try a larger tip opening of that make, or use a harder reed. If this is the case you might want to try a smaller tip opening of that make, or use a softer reed.

Below are tenor and alto mouthpiece charts showing some of the most popular mouthpiece makes and their tip openings or facings. More Audio and Video. Skip to content. Mouthpiece Charts.

saxophone diagram

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saxophone diagram

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